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TO MAKE INTO BREAO-TO TURN INTO MEAT AND MILK
Get better yields by keeping
soil moist and warm
CULTIVATE TO STORE MOISTURE
Cultivate as soon after rains as the soil has
Keep the soil surface well stirred and light.
This will let rain soak in quickly and reduce
waste. In fair weather it will prevent the
subsoil from drying out.
A well-stirred surface soil will send mois-
ture, laden with plant food, up through the
corn roots and stalks to make ears.
CULTIVATE TO DESTROY WEEDS
Every weed in a cornfield is an enemy.
Weeds drink up moisture and consume
plant food that should go to make corn
kernels instead of weed seeds.
Destroy your weed enemies when they
begin to appear. Don't wait for them to
mobilize in strength.
Attack weeds if possible in fair weather.
You will then have the sun as a powerful ally.
CULTIVATE TO WARM THE SOIL
Evaporation of moisture lowers tempera-
ture. A wet, evaporating soil surface,
therefore, is cold. A dry soil surface is warm.
A loose soil surface dries quickly. The
blanket of loose, dry soil then stops further
evaporation. It drinks in sunshine and be-
In northern localities and at high altitudes
the warming of the soil frequently is as im-
portant as conservation of moisture.
PUT PRODUCTION Of FOOD CROPS FIRST
WATCH YOUR SOIL
The condition of your soil should determine when
Cultivation by a hard and fast rule may do more
harm than good.
DonH let weeds grow. Take the appearance of each
weed as a danger signal of a raid on your plant food.
DbnH let cracks form. They are holes through
which valuable moisture escapes.
Don^t cultivate when your ground is wet enough to
form clods. Clods tie up plant food so that the corn
roots can not use it.
Don^t waste cultivation. Cultivation may be a
waste of time or may be actually injurious when your
soil is in good condition — moist below, dry and light on
the surface, free from weeds.
Failure to cultivate promptly and prevent the soil
from becoming cracked, hard, or weedy may mean a
material lessening of your corn yield.
WATCH YOUR PLANTS
Their progress determines how you should cultivate.
While the plants are small cultivate as deeply as the
condition of the soil makes necessary.
Deep cultivation then is desirable if your seed bed
was not well prepared before planting.
Who would attempt to grow good corn in a small
flower pot? Remember that hard ground can confine
roots as effectually as pottery.
Get your soil into open condition so that the corn
roots can reach out for food.
After the plants become a foot high shallow cultiva-
tion only should be given.
The roots have spread out close under the surface
of the soil and would be injured by deep cultivation.
Never cultivate deeply close to corn plants after they
are a foot high. Such cultivation will break feeding
roots and cause injury to the plants.
PRODUCE THE LARGEST YIELD POSSIBLE
Don't be satisfied with less than 50 bushels of corn per acre
The average yield of corn per acre in the United States
is about 27 bushels.
With good seedy fair soil, and careful, timely cultiva-
tion, we can and should double this average.
Write to the United States Department of Agriculture for
Farmers' Bulletin No. 773, ''Corn Growing Under Droughty
Conditions." The methods advocated in this bulletin apply
to humid as well as to dry sections.
For further information apply to County Agent, State Agricultural College, or
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
WASHINGTON, D. C.